Renal Physiology in Fetus and Newborn

The fetal kidneys do serve the important role of producing increasing volumes of urine, the most important constituent of amniotic fluid. Although the kidneys play an important role in enabling the new-born infants to adopt to the postnatal physiological environment, it is immature and its ability to regulate and maintain normal homeostasis is reduced, particularly in premature neonates. A variety of pathological and metabolic demands can impair the physiological functions of the kidney in this age group. A reduction in the production of fetal urine as a result of renal damage


  • Track 1-1 Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Track 2-2 Sodium Balance
  • Track 3-3 Water Metabolism
  • Track 4-4 Potassium Balance
  • Track 5-5 Acid-Base Balance

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