The Future of Pediatric Urology
As a consequence, we are exposed to and have to accommodate advances in many different areas of medicine from endocrine treatment of the fetus to exploring the limits of robotic surgery. At the basic level of our surgical lives is surgical technique which has undergone steady refinement over centuries and decades with the occasional boost given by a conceptual breakthrough. The steady improvement in results from advances in suture material was a passive benefit but the conceptual advance of enlarging the bladder using bowel was ahead of its time and doomed to failure until the game-changing process of intermittent catheterization came to its rescue. The world of transplantation has grown enormously since the first renal transplant more than half a century ago. Unfortunately, the expansion of our speciality in terms of centers as well as individuals has coincided with a downward trend in the numbers of patients with serious congenital anomalies. One of the simple factors is simply the declining birth rate.
- Track 1-1 Exploring the Limits of Robotic Surgery
- Track 2-2 Miniaturized Robotic Instruments Controlled by AI
- Track 3-3 Implantable Artificial Kidney
- Track 4-4 Bioartificial Kidney